Women’s Education In Turkey: A General Situation Assessment
Literacy rates for women are lower than for men in many parts of the globe, and most countries, educational opportunities for women are also generally less favorable than for their male counterparts. Unfortunately, this same inequality holds true for Turkey. In Turkey, the status of women has always been at the center of the constant struggle of two social forces, the modernists and traditionalists. It is a rapidly developing country with wide urban-rural differences, where a mixture of traditional and modern lifestyles coexists. The population of Turkey displays some of the typical characteristics of developing countries: a high growth rate, high fertility rate, more younger people needing education and work opportunities and continuing urbanization.The inadequacy of educational institutions, especially at the university level, is a basic social problem in Turkey. Economically weak groups and students from rural areas are poorly represented at the higher levels of education. It is generally accepted that the spread of education is one of the most important factors in the social and economic development of countries. Furthermore, there is growing awareness that the education of girls, in particular, has significant benefits for developing countries. Educating girls boosts family income and social status and leads to women's higher earnings and occupational mobility. Both the role of the state in the modernization of Turkish society and the influence of global (i.e., Western) political culture are central to understanding the development of education and the rights of women in Turkish society.
Keywords: Women's Education, Turkey, Women's Situation
Assist. Prof. Dr. Seher Cesur-Kılıçaslan
Doctor, Department of Family and Consumer Sciences